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CNR: Alamanacco della Scienza

Archivio

N. 8 - 15 mag 2013
ISSN 2037-4801

International info   a cura di Cecilia Migali

Cultura

Increasing access to science results 

For the first time since the debate on Open Access to scientific publication has taken off, the major European research funding and performing organisations have agreed on a common set of 'Principles ' that should guide the transition to Open Access to research publications. Science Europe's 51 Member Organisations are all committed to ensuring that results of publicly-funded research and innovation in Europe are available through an unrestricted, online access system, and have identified a list of ten principles that will ensure consistency and coherence in their efforts towards Open Access.

The Principles are detailed in Science Europe's latest Position Statement, which has just been released: 'Principles on the Transition to Open Access to research publications' (www.scienceeurope.org/downloads).

Amongst other principles, Science Europe's members "advocate that research publications should either be published in an Oen Access journal or made available or be deposited as soon as possible in a repository ". They also expect publishers to apply institutional, regional, or country based reductions in journal subscriptions, in line with increases of contributions paid by authors or institutions"; hence discouraging situations where institutions pay twice for accessing scholarly articles (so called 'double dipping').

"The benefits of Open Access are clear: it improves the pace and the efficacy of research, it facilitates interdisciplinary research and strengthens the dissemination of scientific breakthrough", said Paul Boyle, President of Science Europe. "However, we are all aware that the transition towards such a system presents some challenges and a collective approach will be the most effective way to accomplish rapid change" .

Each organization will be able to implement policies according to their needs, but these principles will be the basis for co-operation and exchange of experience and information. With the release of this Statement, Science Europe wishes to encourage the European Commission, national governments, research funding and research performing organisations, and other stakeholders at global level to adopt a similar approach to Open Access. The transition to Open Access is a world-wide process and Science Europe will encourage other organizations at the Global Research Council to adopt this approach.